ABS Toolkit for management of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge in Bhutan | ABSCH-VLR-SCBD-255771 | Virtual Library Resource | Access and Benefit-Sharing Clearing-House

PDF   |   Print   |  

Virtual Library Resource (VLR)

  published: 21 Jun 2021

ABS Toolkit for management of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge in Bhutan
Chapter I of this tool kit introduces the concept of Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) with its various components and provides a brief history on the development of ABS. Chapter II briefly describes Bhutan’s biodiversity, and the policy and legal environment for biodiversity conservation at the national and international levels. Chapter III outlines the rationale and methodology for the development of the toolkit and specifies the intended users of this toolkit. Chapter IV describes the scope of ABS implementation in the country and the processes involved, in particular, the institutional arrangements and stakeholders; and procedures established for access and benefit sharing. Chapter V traces the history of the Bhutan Access and Benefit Sharing Fund, including the rationale for establishing the Fund and its management. Chapter VI discusses the mechanisms to monitor the access and utilization of genetic resources and/or associated traditional knowledge within the jurisdiction of the provider country as well as transboundary compliance. Chapter VII explains what biotrade means and how biotrade and ABS differ in terms of access to genetic resources and benefit sharing. Chapter VIII presents some of the pilot ABS agreements implemented in the country over the last ten years in order to enable the effective implementation of the ABS regime. Chapter IX presents some examples of ABS implementation globally. Finally, Chapter X provides an opportunity for self-assessment to check the level of understanding that this toolkit has created.
  • NBC website (English) (http://www.nbc.gov.bt/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/ABS-Toolkit-final.pdf)
Dr. Tashi Yangzome Dorji, Sangay Dema, Chencho Dorji, Mani Prasad Nirola, Leki Wangchuk and Kencho Dorji
- Organization: National Biodiversity Centre (NBC)
National Biodiversity Centre (NBC)
Government agency (National/Federal)
Ministry of Agriculture and Forests Serbithang, Thimphu,
Post Box: 875,
Phone: +975 2 351417, +975 2 350268,
Fax: +975 2 351219,
  • Book / Book chapter
Text document (e.g. adobe acrobat reader or Word)
  • Reference material/literature
  • Raising awareness
  • Providing technical guidance
  • Civil society organizations
  • General public
  • Government
  • Indigenous people and local communities
  • Intergovernmental organization
  • Media
  • Private Sector
  • Research / Academia
  • Ex-situ collections
Original Document
  • 1. Awareness of biodiversity values
  • 4. Use of natural resources
  • 16. Nagoya Protocol on ABS
  • 18. Traditional knowledge
  • Access to genetic resources (Article 15 of the CBD)
  • Nagoya Protocol
  • Scope
  • Competent national authority/ies
  • Access
  • Access to genetic resources
  • For commercial use
  • For non-commercial use
  • Access to traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, including prior informed consent or approval or involvement
  • For commercial use
  • For non-commercial use
  • Benefit-Sharing
  • Mutually agreed terms
  • Monetary benefits
  • Non-monetary benefits
  • Compliance
  • Compliance with domestic legislation or regulatory requirements of the other Party (Article 15 and 16)
  • On access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing
  • On access to traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources and benefit-sharing
  • Non-compliance with domestic legislation or regulatory requirements
  • Issues related to monitoring the utilization of genetic resources (Article 17)
  • Checkpoints
  • Permits or their equivalent constituting an internationally recognized certificate of compliance
  • Compliance with mutually agreed terms (Article 18)
  • Traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources
  • Community protocols
  • Customary laws and procedures
  • ABS legislative, administrative or policy measures
  • ABS agreements
  • Commercial purpose
  • Non-commercial purposes
  • All types of genetic resources
  • All areas of access of the genetic resource
  • Ex-situ
  • Soil and/or water samples
  • Users of genetic resources
  • Intellectual property rights
  • Relevant international agreements, instruments and organizations
  • International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
  • Key area 1: Capacity to implement and to comply with the obligation of the Protocol
  • Key area 2: Capacity to develop, implement and enforce domestic legislative, administrative or policy measures on access and benefit-sharing
  • Key area 3: Capacity to negotiate mutually agreed terms
  • Key area 4: Capacity needs and priorities of indigenous and local communities and relevant stakeholders, including the business sector and the research community
  • Key area 5: Capacity of countries to develop their endogenous research capabilities to add value to their own genetic resources
Additional Information