Access and Benefit-Sharing Clearing-House

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  published: 16 Jan 2020

Implementation of access and benefit-sharing measures has consequences for classical biological control of weeds
The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol establish that genetic resources shall be accessed only upon the existence of prior informed consent of the country that provides those resources and that benefits arising from their utilization shall be shared. Pursuant to both agreements several countries have adopted regulations on access and benefit-sharing. These regulations have created a challenging obstacle to classical biological control of weeds. This paper reviews the experiences of Argentina, Brazil, South Africa, the USA, Canada and CABI in implementing access and benefit-sharing regulations and the implications these measures have on the effective and efficient access, exchange and utilization of biological control agents. We conclude that policy makers should be made aware of the key role biological control plays for agriculture and the environment and they are encouraged to develop tailored access and benefit-sharing legal frameworks that facilitate biological control research and implementation.
Luciana Silvestri . Alejandro Sosa . Fernando Mc Kay . Marcelo Diniz Vitorino . Martin Hill . Costas Zachariades . Stephen Hight . Philip Weyl . David Smith . Djamila Djeddour . Peter G. Mason
2019
    • Article (journal / magazine / newspaper)
    Text document (e.g. adobe acrobat reader or Word)
    • Reference material/literature
      Biocontrol Journal 2019
      • Argentina
      • Brazil
      • Canada
      • South Africa
      • United States of America
      • 9. Invasive Alien Species
      • 16. Nagoya Protocol on ABS
      • Access to genetic resources (Article 15 of the CBD)
      • Nagoya Protocol
      • Access
      • Access to genetic resources
      • For non-commercial use
      • Benefit-Sharing
      • ABS legislative, administrative or policy measures
      • Non-commercial purposes
      • Agricultural sector
      • Academic research
      • Identification and taxonomy
        Additional Information